ERIC Number: ED221363
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
National Patterns of Science and Technology Resources 1981.
Chirichiello, John; Crowley, Michael
An overview of two science and technology resources (financial support and scientific/technical personnel) is presented, based on a series of National Science Foundation (NSF) surveys on research and development (R&D) resources and scientific/technical personnel in the United States. Areas addressed related to national perspectives of R&D resources include the R&D effort and national economy, R&D performance, R&D by national objective, R&D and the gross national product, basic research, applied research, development, and international comparisons. Areas addressed related to science/engineering (S/E) personnel include current employment opportunities, labor market conditions for S/E doctorates, and labor market dynamics. Eighty-seven detailed statistical tables are included, providing data related to R&D resources (national perspective, federal government, industry, colleges/universities) and S/E personnel (current supply and utilization patterns of S/E population, doctorate scientists/engineers, and dynamics of S/E labor market). Data reported indicate among others that total U.S. spending reached an estimated $61.1 billion in 1980 (13 percent more than the $54.2 billion in 1979 and double the amount spent in the early seventies) and that although employment opportunities in jobs involving S/E activity are weak in some fields of science, almost all scientists/engineers seeking jobs find them. (Author/JN)
Descriptors: College Science, Development, Employment Opportunities, Engineering Education, Engineers, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Higher Education, Labor Market, Science Education, Scientific Research, Scientists, Technology
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Reports - General; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Directorate for Scientific, Technological and International Affairs.