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ERIC Number: ED221353
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Wait-Time and Learning in Science. AETS Outstanding Paper for 1981.
Tobin, Kenneth G.; Capie, William
An understanding of classroom learning requires careful analyses of variables constituting the learning environment. Among those most likely influencing learning are verbal behaviors, since verbal interaction is the principal mode of communication in most classrooms. Thus, the quality of verbal interaction may directly affect the amount of learning that occurs. Although much research on verbal interaction has dealt with aspects of teacher questioning, the results have tended to be inconsistent. In contrast, a variable called "wait-time," which is related to the duration of certain pauses between speakers, has been shown to have a consistent effect on the quality of verbal interaction that occurs in classrooms. Using the preceding as a rationale, the nature of wait-time is discussed, followed by three alternative conceptualizations (definitions) of wait-time. Results from several wait-time studies are reviewed, reporting the changes in student/teacher behavior resulting from prolonging wait-time, effects on process variables, effects on science achievement and other variables, and studies related to changing teachers' wait-time behavior. (Author/SK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A