ERIC Number: ED221303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Kindergarten in the 80's: Teachers Handbook.
North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.
Intended as a resource for administrators, teachers, parents, and those responsible for curriculum development, this guide identifies the elements of a kindergarten program which provides a productive learning experience for 5-year-old children. Four main elements are highlighted as prerequisites for an effective kindergarten program. First, the program should be based upon a firm understanding of the human growth, development, and learning principles. These principles include the knowledge that a child learns as a total person (emotionally, socially, and physically, as well as intellectually). Second, kindergarten programs need to be thoroughly planned and carefully organized, with flexibility as a deliberate part of the organization. A sufficient degree of flexibility will enable the day-to-day operations to be altered to allow for special needs and interests. Third, the teacher, as the single most important part of the learning environment, should have an understanding of child development, respect for and trust in children, and a willingness to affirm children's rights as individuals. Fourth, planning a challenging and comprehensive curriculum based on young children's developmental needs should be the most important part of the process in implementing the kindergarten program. Mathematics, science, language arts, and other disciplines should become interwoven so that they can become a natural part of the child and his or her world. Finally, the evaluation of the child's progress must be a daily concern of the teacher in order that appropriate activities can be provided. Specific guidelines, learning activities, and other supplementary materials are indicated for implementation of each of the above principles. (MP)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Instructional Services.