ERIC Number: ED221141
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Student Learning and Course Design 1: In-Text Teaching Devices in Open University Texts.
Gibbs, Graham; And Others
In designing teaching materials for Open University students' use, authors have been encouraged to incorporate in-text questions to assist students in understanding the materials. These are relatively simple, limited-scope questions relating directly to the preceding material, and are called enabling questions. These are contrasted with the broader self-assessment questions. This study was undertaken to learn whether the in-text questions are serving the authors' purposes of making the material more accessible to students, and whether it is understood how students use this technique. Arguments for and against the use of this device are reported and the literature reviewed. It is concluded that currently available research does not provide a clear and useful picture of students' use and perception of in-text questions, or of the ways student responses correspond to the authors' intent. Some evidence was uncovered that the questions have negligible or negative effects, suggesting urgent need for further research. A list of references is appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: Course Organization, Foreign Countries, Formative Evaluation, Higher Education, Instructional Materials, Learning Processes, Material Development, Open Universities, Questioning Techniques, Research Needs, Self Evaluation (Individuals), Study Habits
Institute of Educational Technology, The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, England.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Walton, Bletchley, Bucks (England). Inst. of Educational Technology.