ERIC Number: ED221078
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Student Financial Aid and Persistence in College.
Astin, Helen S.; Cross, Patricia H.
The administration, purpose, and design of student financial aid programs are examined with emphasis on assuring greater access to higher education, student persistence, and providing students with incentives for performing well academically. After a brief history of financial aid and a review of selected studies on persistence, the sampling and data collection procedures are described. A profile of students 2 years after matriculation in college is provided, including demographic characteristics, enrollment behavior, residence, experience in college, work, and financial aid. The characteristics of students with different patterns of persistence are discussed in terms of religion and political orientation, parental income and education, degree plans, values and attitudes, financial experience, work experience, and reasons for leaving school. A separate chapter gives an overview of the financial aid environment in American colleges and universities today. The last two chapters, utilizing a multiple regression analysis, assess the impact of personal, environmental, and financial variables on persistence and withdrawal among white and minority students. Implications for future policies are addressed. Among the several suggestions are the following: more sources of information about student financial aid should be made available to students; loans, especially large ones, are the worst possible form of aid to offer low-income and minority students; and the government should consider expanding grant and work-study programs. Appendices include: survey instruments; creation of financial aid variables; development of persistence categories; a verification study of financial aid data reported by students; and variables used in regression analyses. (LC)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Access to Education, College Students, Dropouts, Government School Relationship, Grants, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Scholarships, Student Characteristics, Student Costs, Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, Student Motivation, Student Needs, Work Study Programs
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Office of Planning, Budgeting, and Evaluation.; EXXON Education Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Research Inst., Inc., Los Angeles, CA.