ERIC Number: ED221067
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Modification of Discourse between Native and Nonnative Speaker Peers.
Gaies, Stephen J.
Research suggests that interaction between native speakers (NSs) and second language learners (non-native speakers) (NNSs) is characteristically different from speech between NSs, and that it is the modified nature of NS-NNS interaction which provides learners with optimal input. A study was undertaken to determine whether input and interactional features already identified as characteristic of NS-NNS speech would occur with equal frequency in settings in which the NNSs had considerable proficiency and enjoyed peer status with the NS participants. Interactions (10 between NSs and 15 between a NS and a NNS) were analyzed among subjects who had been enrolled together in an undergraduate course for 15 weeks. Performance on four interactional features were examined: (1) temporal marking of verbs, (2) topic-continuing and topic nominating moves, (3) the use of question forms to mark topic-nominations, and (4) self- and other-repetitions. An attempt was thus made to determine to what extent characteristic differences between NS-NS and NS-NNS interaction could be found in such an interactional setting. It was found that NNS comprehension depends to a large extent on the work NNSs do to comprehend meaning in extended discourse situations. Implications of the findings for second language learning are discussed. (Author/AMH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (16th, Honolulu, HI, May 1-6, 1982)