ERIC Number: ED220982
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Assessment of the Nature and Impact of Coordination between Organizations: Summary of a Research Network's Findings.
Mulford, Charles L.; And Others
A review of the literature on coordination between organizations tested the assumptions that coordination is "good," that coordinated efforts are more effective than the efforts of individual organizations, and that various coordination strategies work equally well. The literature review revealed that the development of the coordination concept was affected successively by the philosophies of utilitarianism, altruism, administrative rationality, and citizen participation. "Coordination" can be defined as a process in which organizations use internally created or externally mandated decision rules to deal collectively with a shared environment. The elements coordinated (at the appropriate level) may include information, clients, program development, and resources. Numerous linkage mechanisms and models for coordinating exist. Coordination is affected by both subjective and objective facilitators and inhibitors. The consequences of coordination have rarely been assessed. Different audiences have different success criteria, and different models of coordination have different consequences. The research on coordination has been inadequate, dominated by assumptions favoring coordination. Longitudinal studies have been rare and few studies of the private sector have been made. Materials guiding practitioners in coordination are also few and usually inadequate. Research is needed on contextual effects, on structural interests, and on rules for structure formation. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Coordination, Organizational Communication, Organizational Effectiveness, Organizational Theories, Philosophy, Research Needs, Social History
Publications, North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, 578 East Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (single copies free).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: North Central Regional Center for Rural Development, Ames, IA.