ERIC Number: ED220921
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Changing Organizational Structures to Capitalize on Technology.
Lipson, Joseph I.
Failure has frequently been the result of attempts to implement new educational technologies within a school organization that evolved in response to an older technology--the technology of the classroom, the blackboard, and the textbook. This failure may be due in part to specific causes in individual cases, but the pattern of failure suggests that there is a deeper cause as well: organizations by their very nature tend to reject methods and tools that are incompatible with the organizational structure. While teachers are often dissatisfied with the support they get, they will rightly resist any new organizational arrangement that drains resources from traditional classroom activity. The solution is not to abandon new technologies or new arrangements but to find technology-based arrangements that are more productive and satisfying to both faculty and students, rather than mere burdens. The author suggests policy changes that should be considered at national, state, district, and school levels in order for development to succeed, and surmises that the new technologies will take root in training programs outside the schools before the schools will take up the challenge. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Educational Innovation, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Failure, Futures (of Society), Instructional Systems, Organizational Change, Postsecondary Education, School Organization
Not available separately; see EA 014 833.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Technology and Education: Policy, Implementation, Evaluation. Proceedings of the National Conference on Technology and Education (January 26-28, 1981). For related documents, see EA 014 833.