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ERIC Number: ED220836
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Handwriting on Teachers' Grading of High School Essays.
Sloan, Charles A.; McGinnis, Iris
A study was conducted to investigate the effects of handwriting on the grades assigned to essays. Contrary to previous studies, this study employed a grading situation in which teachers holistically evaluated many papers as rapidly as possible simulating real grading conditions. Good handwriting was defined as that done by five experts in the Palmer Handwriting Method. The essays were 200 to 250-word themes written by 500 ninth graders. Forty-five were randomly selected and rewritten by the Palmer experts. The copies, plus the original student-written themes, were scored by a team of 12 teachers trained in the Diederich holistic method. A t-test for correlated data was conducted to analyze the difference between the scores on the students' original papers and the papers rewritten by the experts. The results indicated that the papers written in expert handwriting were evaluated by the teachers as significantly better papers. The results also indicated that the scores of the upper two-thirds of the papers tended to improve more than those of the lower third. (HTH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A