ERIC Number: ED220758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
The Religious Orientation of College Students.
Knight, G. Diane; Sedlacek, William E.
Recent research into the religious life of college students, though limited, has suggested ways of understanding the religious aspects of personality that exist apart from institutional involvement. To describe the role of religion in the life of college students 254 freshmen were surveyed to determine whether four categories of religious orientation would provide a meaningful description of religious motivation. Students were categorized into one of four religious orientations: (1) extrinsic, in which religion is subordinated to self-needs; (2) intrinsic, in which religious attitudes help to determine behavior; (3) indiscriminately pro-religious, in which religion serves an all-encompassing role in meeting self-needs; and (4) indiscriminately anti-religious, in which religion is rejected. Results provided limited support for the use of the religious orientation scales with non-Christian groups. The relationship between religious orientation and cognitive style was found to hold for dogmatism, but not for intolerance or ambiguity. The findings suggest that disagreement by Jewish students with items on the intrinsic scale may reflect a parochial bias of Christianity. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.
Note: Best copy available. For related document, see CG 016 163.