ERIC Number: ED220757
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Religious Orientation and the Concepts of God Held by University Students.
Knight, G. Diane; Sedlacek, William E.
A renewed interest in traditional religious beliefs and values has been noted on college campuses. As part of a series on the role of religion in the lives of university students and to assess student beliefs about the nature of God and determine the way in which such beliefs were held, 254 college freshmen were surveyed. Students were categorized into one of four religious orientations: (1) extrinsic, in which religion is subordinated to self-needs; (2) intrinsic, in which religious attitudes help to determine behavior; (3) indiscriminately pro-religious, in which religion serves an all-encompassing role in meeting self-needs; and (4) indiscriminately anti-religious in which religion is rejected. Most students endorsed traditional concepts of God. Students classified as intrinsic in religious orientation were more traditional than students classified as extrinsic in religious orientation and did not believe that a person had only his/her own resources to call upon for assistance. Many students classified as indiscriminately anti-religious believed in a personal God or Supreme Being. More anti-religious students (22%) than those classified in other orientations believed that a person has only his/her own resources to call on. More students classified as extrinsic believed in spiritual forces outside of the individuals, although most affirmed traditional concepts. (Author/JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Counseling Center.