ERIC Number: ED220688
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Recent Science and Engineering Graduates Working in Energy-Related Activities, 1979 and 1980.
Bell, Sharon E.
Employment and professional activities of recent science and engineering graduates who described their work as energy-related were examined. The survey included graduates who received bachelor's or master's degrees between 1972 and 1979 and was conducted in 1976, 1978, 1979, and 1980. Data indicated that the number of graduates who reported working in energy-related activities grew by 70 percent from 33,000 to 56,000 between 1976 and 1980. This growth was concentrated in business and industry, with one-half or more of the engineers citing work activities that were "production-oriented." Nearly one-third of the scientists cited exploration as their major activity. Almost half of the new scientists and engineers cited petroleum or natural gas as the focus of their professional work. In 1979 and 1980, coal-related industries employed one-fifth of the energy-related scientists and engineers. A shift from oil and natural gas toward coal and nuclear power could increase employment in this industry. Opportunities for nuclear engineers should continue to grow as new plants are brought on line. In 1979 and 1980, approximately one-sixth of the graduates devoted their time to solar and renewable energy sources. As federal funding is cut, the graduates might move to other projects. Following the 22-page narrative section, appendixes provide the nature and conduct of the survey discussed in the report and detailed results. Following this are 130 pages of tables. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Energy, Washington, DC. Office of Energy Research.
Authoring Institution: Oak Ridge Associated Universities, TN.