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ERIC Number: ED220536
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Specific Learning Outcomes Attributable to Study Procedures.
Shanahan, Timothy
The amount and structure of prose learning derived from vocabulary definition and graphic post-organizer construction methods of independent study tasks is examined. Undergraduate subjects (n=144) read a 2000-word passage in a 20-minute reading period. Two subject groups performed text information tasks while a third acted as a control to measure recall derived from a reading-only strategy. Two days later, all subjects, including an additional control group (n=44) who had neither read nor studied the material, completed a multiple-choice test on the passage. Results of a multivariate analysis of variance indicated that both study procedures were successful, but that the two groups differed on specific types of information learned. A single discriminant function was found to separate the two study groups. Vocabulary rehearsal led to the learning of greater amounts of subordinate level information, while graphic post-organizer usage led to the learning of more superordinate information. This study was limited due to low internal consistencies, short test drawn from a single content area, and learning measured on the basis of recognition only. (Author/PN)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A