ERIC Number: ED220488
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Methodological Study of the Torrance Tests of Creativity: Can Creativity Be Faked? Measurement and Statistics.
Willhoft, Joseph L.; Lissitz, Robert W.
The sensitivity of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking with regard to an experimenter-induced response set was investigated. One hundred and ninety-eight subjects were divided into four groups. Before performing the Unusual Uses Activity (Verbal Form A), each group was given a unique set of instructions. Group I received standard instructions and acted as a control. Other treatments were varied in terms of the types of responses that were encouraged. Group II was encouraged to be "practical and reasonable"; and Group III was encouraged to list "as many ideas" as possible; and Group IV was encouraged to include all "unusual, weird, or illogical" ideas. A multivariate Dunnett test resulted in Groups III and IV being significantly different from the control group. Discriminant analysis yielded two significant functions suggesting that univariate analysis of the Torrance scales of fluency, flexibility, and originality can be misleading. The Torrance Tests were judged to be highly sensitive to experimenter bias. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking