ERIC Number: ED220383
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-21
Reference Count: 0
Characteristics of Adults' Figure Drawings: Observations of the Post-Adolescent Stasis in Graphic Development.
Rush, Jean C.; Shumaker, Mary Susan
It is hypothesized that graphic skills among the general U.S. population level off at puberty. Examined were the characteristics of 357 pairs of pencil drawings of human figures (one man and one woman) made by male and female adolescents (eighth graders), nonartistic adults (university elementary education majors), and artistic adults (beginning university art majors). The results, which support the hypothesis, showed a number of similarities in graphic images from the three groups, each of which produced drawings that ranged from rudimentary to artistic. Most figure drawings at all levels exhibited an artistic naivete characterized by a stiff frontal position, oversize head, hands behind the back, stereotyped facial features, little articulation of contour, and bodies assembled by parts. These naive images had little aesthetic quality from an adult point of view. Some students at all levels produced more sophisticated or artistic images. This latter group followed art rules, used sketchy lines, and drew nudes. A few students drew profiles, fashion figures, or cartoon figures. The bulk of the document contains reproductions of the pencil drawings. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 21, 1982). Some drawings are marginally legible.