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ERIC Number: ED220345
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Jun
Pages: 78
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Correlates of Math Avoidance Responsible for Filtering Individuals from Math/Science Areas.
Chisholm, Carol
This study attempts to identify relative contributions of certain attitudinal variables to mathematics avoidance. The primary objective was to discover the most salient predictors of mathematics avoidance (MA). Nine Fennema and Sherman Mathematics Attitude Scales (1960) were revised for use with a general population, and a similarly worded Likert-type scale was constructed and validated to measure the dependent variable, mathematics avoidance. Over 500 subjects from a variety of age, occupational and geographical groups responded to the survey instrument. A stepwise multiple regression was performed on the scale scores, yielding five significant predictors of MA which accounted for nearly 82% of the total variance. The predictors, in order of importance, are: effectance motivation (defined as a problem-solving mind-set), self-confidence in learning mathematics, perception of the usefulness of mathematics, mathematics anxiety, and the factors relating to father. A discriminant analysis was performed to locate the sex differences in the mathematics scales, following the discovery of a significant interaction between self-confidence and gender in MA. Results are interpreted in terms of number helplessness, an analog of learned helplessness. Implications for intervention and remediation are presented. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A