ERIC Number: ED220060
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: N/A
Postsecondary Plans of High-School Seniors in 1972 and 1980: Implications for Student Quality. AIR Forum 1982 Paper.
Brown, Kenneth G.
The postsecondary educational plans of black and white high school seniors in the class of 1972 were compared with those in the same racial classification in the class of 1980. Data were extracted from the National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 and from the survey entitled, "High School and Beyond." In order to test for differences in postsecondary educational plans between the two surveys, students in each survey were cross-classified by type of school/program planned and by aptitude. There were four categories of school/program variables: vocational school, community college-vocational, community college-academic, and 4-year colleges or universities. The aptitude variables were: lower quartile, middle two quartiles, and upper quartile. Using the log-linear model to analyze the data, it was found that larger percentages of more able than less able students planned to attend 4-year institutions. A greater percentage of students were choosing 4-year schools in 1980 than 1972, and smaller percentages were planning vocational schools in 1980 than in 1972. The percentage of blacks in the top quartile of the aptitude distribution increased from 4.9 to 8.6 percent, a 3.7 percentage point gain over the 1972-1980 period. However, because of differences in nonresponse rates between the two surveys the findings regarding aptitude gains must be qualified. In addition, the decline in aptitude scores on the American College Testing program and the Scholastic Aptitude Test conflict with the findings regarding aptitude increases for blacks. The data indicate that there is a sizeable pool of low-aptitude students planning to attend colleges and universities. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Aptitude, Academic Aspiration, Bachelors Degrees, Black Students, College Bound Students, College Choice, Community Colleges, High School Seniors, Longitudinal Studies, Postsecondary Education, Racial Differences, Student Educational Objectives, Vocational Education, White Students
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972