ERIC Number: ED219988
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Affecting Employment of Graduates of the University of Virginia School of Nursing from 1978-1980.
Chioni, Rose Marie; And Others
An employment profile of recent graduates of the University of Virginia School of Nursing was undertaken, with attention directed to factors they considered important for selecting their jobs, leaving their jobs, and selecting future jobs in nursing. A questionnaire used in a 1981 study was modified for the investigation, and the Work Environment Scale (WES) (Insel and Humphrey, 1974) was also administered. Of 375 questionnaires mailed, 260 usable responses were obtained, representing Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.) graduates during 1978-1980. General information was obtained on the respondent's sex, marital status, parenthood status, residence, area of focus at the university, further education since the B.S.N., current employment as registered nurses, and the number of years in nursing since the B.S.N. Respondents were also asked to indicate the setting, the length of employment, the position held, and the reasons for leaving each job since graduation. Additionally, respondents were asked to assess the social climate of their work units by answering true or false to statements on the WES. Attention was focused upon the following dimensions: involvement, peer cohesion, staff support, autonomy, task orientation, work pressure, clarity, control, innovation, and physical comfort. Different work settings and positions were evaluated in regard to the study dimensions. Findings confirm that most of the graduates work upon graduation (92.7%) and are employed as staff nurses (81.1%). While 63.7% held their first jobs in a medical center, the tendency for second jobs is to either community hospitals or community health programs. The finding of most concern is the very high job mobility of respondents. (SW)
Descriptors: Alumni, Employee Attitudes, Employment Experience, Employment Patterns, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Hospitals, Individual Characteristics, Job Satisfaction, Nurses, Nursing Education, Occupational Mobility, Vocational Followup, Work Environment
American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Eleven Dupont Circle, Suite 430, Washington, DC 20036 ($6.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Washington, DC.