ERIC Number: ED219948
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Problem-Solving Model for Integrating Science and Language in Bilingual/Bicultural Education. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 5, No. 1.
Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob L.; Penfield, Joyce
An integrated bilingual science instruction model is described. Intended primarily for Spanish-speaking children in the Southwest, it specifies how the dominant language skills and the second language might be synchronized and be mutually supportive with science learning in a way relevant to the Latino culture. For purposes of discussion and clarification, the integrative model is contrasted with three hypothetical models: the transfer, the balanced bilingual, and the ESL models. It is argued that a problem-solving approach to science instruction with the proper hands-on activities could improve the bilingual/bicultural program by: (1) focusing more on cognitive operations of science; (2) involving the children in actual problem-solving thought processes; and (3) improving skills in both languages. More specifically, the model spells out how skills in both languages can be used in a basically immersion approach, that is, an approach which uses science-oriented materials to teach the second language. Further, the model is directed toward teaching both English and Spanish as second languages through science instruction. Because there is a lack of bilingual science materials appropriate for Southwest Spanish speakers, it is suggested that teachers develop materials from hands-on materials written in English for teacher use. Suggestions are made for this procedure as well as for creation of materials by the teacher. (Author/AMH)
Descriptors: Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Elementary Education, English (Second Language), Experiential Learning, Immersion Programs, Material Development, Mexican American Education, Models, Science Activities, Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Teacher Developed Materials, Teaching Methods
Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University, 5151 State University Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90032 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Los Angeles. Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center.