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ERIC Number: ED219747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Outlining as a Process-Oriented Group Task in the Reading Classroom.
Hoffman, Steve
When outlining is used as a task to focus discussion of a reading selection in small collaborative learning groups, it helps students to map out a sequence of ideas on a trial basis, takes the pressure off students to come up with a "right answer," and gives them a feel for the process by which meaning gradually develops and unfolds. This outlining technique was developed in an experimental block program for basic skills students at Lehman College in New York. In the program, the students took the same four courses together. A process-oriented writing class inspired this use of outlining in a reading class as a way to help overcome the basic skills student's characteristic failure to get an overview of the whole text. Externalizing the reading process through a series of outlining exercises increased the students' confidence and facilitated their ability to transform their reading to personal outline, to group discussion outline, and to freewriting. (JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A