ERIC Number: ED219482
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jul
Reference Count: 0
The Preparation of Teachers for the Urban Schools: The State-of-the-Art in Pre-Service and In-Service Education. Part I. ERIC/CUE Urban Diversity Series Number 81.
Kapel, David E.; Kapel, Marilyn B.
This monograph reviews research and educational reports to examine the state of the art in preservice and inservice teacher education in the urban community in the United States. A review of urban areas in the last thirty years reveals major social and environmental changes, such as population increases, shifts in racial composition, the introduction of desegregation, and declining resources which have required unique responses to urban educational needs. Examination of how teachers have responded to the changes indicates factors that make for effective teachers and effective schools in urban areas. An exploration of preservice education programs for urban communities emphasizes the importance of urban-based field training and provides descriptions of selected innovations developed by American higher education institutions to improve their preservice education programs. An investigation of inservice programs for urban education identifies inservice education needs and goals, reviews the history of inservice urban education programs, identifies models and types of inservice programs being carried out by various urban school districts, and identifies problems and needs of inservice educational research and evaluation. Finally, prospects for further improving urban schools through teacher training based on what is known about urban change and effective urban education are considered. (Author/MJL)
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education, Preservice Teacher Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Needs, School Effectiveness, Social Influences, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Effectiveness, Urban Education, Urban Schools
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Box 40, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - General; Opinion Papers; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Inst. for Urban and Minority Education.
Note: For related document see UD 022 470.