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ERIC Number: ED219300
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 66
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Theory and Practice in Anthropology: Ethnography and Ethnology in Educational Research.
Johnson, Norris Brock
Using his experiences within an educational research center in the midwestern United States, the author illustrates the manner in which anthropology as a discipline exhibits synthesis between theory and practice. Focus is on the applicability of ethnography and ethnology to matters of theory and practice in educational research. A major goal of the Consortium for Educational Research has been to coordinate the efforts of both researchers and teachers in the design, implementation, and analysis of seven planned educational change projects. The bulk of this report uses anthropological theory to analyze case study data from these nine projects. The purpose of the analysis is to show how patterns of participant relationship can influence school improvement efforts. The projects are described in terms of their patron-client and colleague patterns of participant relationship. Major focus is on project design and implementation. The analysis suggests the need for more collaboratively designed local school improvement projects. Participants must develop and adopt mutually satisfying relationships as a precondition to the implementation of the project itself. Cross-site (ethnological) analysis suggests four strategies for the development of colleague patterns of constituent relationship. A group external to the local school community can more effectively facilitate the development of a locally defined problem-solving strategy by taking into consideration the following: local definition of the problem to be solved; the selection of appropriate technical assistance; pre-project feasibility proposals; ethnographic methods and collegiality. (RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A