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ERIC Number: ED219247
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun-18
Pages: 5
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Academic Science/Engineering Employment Increased 3% between 1980 and 1981. Science Resources Studies Highlights.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Data presented in this report are derived from the National Science Foundation's (NSF) 1981 Survey of Scientific and Engineering Personnel Employed at Universities and Colleges. Highlights of the survey indicate that: 1) science and engineering (S/E) employment in the higher education sector increased 3-percent between January 1980 and January 1981; 2) increases in S/E employment varied widely by institution, with 2-year institutions (responding to growing enrollments) reporting a 7-percent gain in S/E employment; 3) distribution of academic scientists/engineers by field has not changed significantly since 1973, with largest proportions (41-percent) in the biological sciences and smallest (3 percent) in the environmental sciences; 4) expansion in employment of academic professionals occurred in all major S/E fields but was most evident in mathematical/computer sciences (increasing 8-percent in 1981); 5) use of part-time S/E staff increased among almost all S/E disciplines, accounting for 20-percent of all scientists/engineers employed in universities and colleges in 1981; 6) the number of women scientists/engineers employed in academy rose 6-percent between 1980 and 1981 (compared to the 2-percent rise reported for male counterparts); and 7) the number of academic scientists/engineers engaged in research and development activities rose only 1-percent, with many doctorate-granting institutions utilizing graduate research assistants in the performance of research. (Author/JN)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Note: May not reproduce well due to colored print.