ERIC Number: ED219160
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Reference Count: N/A
National Study of the Incidence and Severity of Child Abuse and Neglect: Executive Summary.
Westat Research, Inc., Rockville, MD.; Development Associates, Inc., Arlington, VA.
To project national estimates of the incidence and severity of child abuse and neglect in the United States, data were collected on suspected incidents occuring in a sample of 26 counties located in 10 states. The sample included urban, suburban, and rural counties scattered across the nation. In each county, data were collected from the local child protective services agency and from other community institutions for a 12-month period beginning May, 1979, and ending April, 1980. A unique characteristic of this national study was the fact that common definitions of child abuse and child neglect were used for data collection. These definitions required that a child suffer "demonstrable" physical or emotional harm in order to be counted as abused or neglected. Information was gathered on 21 individual forms of child maltreatment. For purposes of analysis these were grouped into six major forms assessing physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, physical neglect, educational neglect, and emotional neglect. In addition to forms of maltreatment, data were gathered concerning the incidence and severity of maltreatment, age and sex of victims, demographic variables, and case recognition and reporting. It is concluded that child abuse and neglect in the United States is an underreported problem of major proportions and that no category of children is "immune" to maltreatment. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (DHHS/OHDS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Westat Research, Inc., Rockville, MD.; Development Associates, Inc., Arlington, VA.