ERIC Number: ED219138
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
The Measurement of Parenting Locus of Control.
Kralj, M. M.; And Others
The present study describes the construction of a scale for reliably measuring the extent to which parents form generalized expectancies of the degree to which their children's behaviors are contingent on their own actions as parents. The original 72 statements included in the Parenting Locus of Control (PLOC) scale ascribed cause to one of four domains: parent control, child control, other control (such as that held by peers, siblings, teachers, etc.), and chance control (i.e., fate or luck). Each domain yielded a separate subscale score. Within each subscale an equal number of items dealing with positive and negative outcomes was included, and the attempt was made to represent situations specific to parent/child exchanges concerning home life, school, and health. The PLOC demonstrated good internal consistency and 3-week test-retest stability for two subscales: parent control and chance control. Preliminary evidence for construct validity indicated that the chance control subscale constitutes a parenting-specific measure of expectancy for locus of control independent of social desirability. The parent control subscale did not relate to locus of control but may reflect harmony or absence of conflict in the parent/child dyad. PLOC scores did not differ with regard to age or gender of the parent. The scale produced sufficient evidence of reliability and validity to warrant further development as a research tool. Theoretical and applied aspects of the construct and measure are discussed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Maryland Univ., College Park. Computer Science Center.
Authoring Institution: N/A