ERIC Number: ED219133
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Social Influence in Children's Decision-Making Groups.
Lawson, Jasper; Blumberg, Daniel
This study was conducted to identify types of interactions associated with social influence among school children at three grade levels. Social influence was defined in terms of the ways in which a child attempted to convince other group members to adopt his or her opinions about the appearance of three different inkblots. Eighteen kindergarten, 18 third-grade, and 18 sixth-grade children were initially given one form of a standardized inkblot test. One week later, triads of subjects at each grade level were randomly assigned to an experimental condition designed to generate conflicts between peers by requiring each group to produce a unanimous response to stimuli which had previously elicited disparate responses. Children's interactions were videotaped and analyzed in terms of categories of social influence. The more influential children tended to adopt one of two leadership styles: one type of influence was characterized by responsiveness to peers' opinions and reactions, while the second type was more likely to include persistent and, frequently, forceful presentation of opinions. The peer-responsive child was more likely than the peer-nonresponsive child to compromise. Peer responsiveness and sophisticated use of influence techniques increased with age. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Baltimore, MD, April 15-18, 1982).