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ERIC Number: ED218971
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Applied Logic for the ESL Classroom.
Spanos, George
Restatement and paraphrase, and the syntactic operations that generate them, can serve as the basis for techniques involving explanation, and the production of new sentences in the second language classroom. The basic operations involved are known intuitively by the native speaker but must be taught and practiced if the ESL learner is to get a functional knowledge of English. In addition to practicing paraphrases by such transformations as active-passive, the logical operations underlying the transformations can be defined. Selected with particular purposes in mind, individual sentences can serve as the starting point from which classroom exercises can be created which train or test the students in the syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic aspects of the language. When students are made aware of the underlying logic, systematic application of paraphrase activities results in increased risk-taking, participation and group correction, and a rapid grasp of the logical concepts and operations. Using the operations and concepts defined here, the teacher can design exercises centered on a particular structure which can help the student get a better command of meaning at the same time. Examples are given of the technique as well as of exercises in the four skills, and testing and review exercises. (AMH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A