ERIC Number: ED218844
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Oct
Institutional Constraints and External Pressures Influencing Referral Decisions.
Christenson, Sandra; And Others
Information about the process for referring students to special education was collected from 47 regular and 5 special education teachers. Organizational factors, such as "district procedures" or an individual's perceptions of the professional competence of referral recipients, and availability of services were examples cited as institutional constraints. Outside agency influence, socio-political climate, federal or state requirements, and concerns of parents were cited as external pressures that may be influential in referral decisions. Consistency of the institutional constraints between special education directors and teachers suggested the need for reorganization of the team decision making process. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. for Research on Learning Disabilities.