ERIC Number: ED218736
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
An Exploration of Interorganizational Arrangements That Support School Improvement.
Cates, Carolyn S.; And Others
Researchers surveyed 13 counties in the Greater San Francisco Bay Area (California) to identify and classify educational agencies' cooperative, interorganizational arrangements (IOAs) for school improvement and to describe the characteristics of different types of IOAs. Data were collected from interviews, directories, and documents. Five IOA characteristics were studied: their history, environmental context, structure, operations, and outputs. The survey identified 103 IOAs in the Bay Area and revealed that 67 percent of the 409 educational agencies in the region, including all 231 school districts, were involved in one or more IOAs. The researchers developed a classification system based on two dimensions: the IOA's legal status (whether mandated by outside agencies, enabled or sponsored by outside agencies, or "freestanding," meaning supported chiefly by member organizations), and the school improvement's legal status (mandated, enabled, or freestanding). Analysis based on this classification system showed, among other things, that most IOAs relied on external requirements or resources and that IOA characteristics include both tight and loose coupling. The findings bear a number of implications for research and policy on educational collaboration and school improvement. An appendix provides extensive descriptions of the characteristics of types of IOAs. (Author/RW)
Descriptors: Classification, Community Surveys, Cooperative Programs, Educational Cooperation, Educational Improvement, Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Government School Relationship, Institutional Characteristics, Institutional Cooperation, Legal Responsibility, School Districts, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California