ERIC Number: ED218593
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982
The Effects of Two Levels of Microcomputer Graphics on Reading Comprehension.
Edyburn, Dave Lee
To gain insight into the relationship between computer graphics (computer generated visuals used for the purpose of illustrating text) and computer assisted instruction (CAI), a study examined the effects of two levels of microcomputer graphics on three measures of reading comprehension using a teacher made CAI reading program. Subjects included seventh grade students who were randomly assigned to one of two groups. Prior to the day of the experiment, students completed a scale to identify their attitudes toward computers and CAI. The treatment consisted of a textual selection programed for use on the TRS-80 color computer. All students read the identical selection as presented by the microcomputer. However, one program utilized computer graphics, whereas the other simply presented the text on the screen for the student to read. After the treatment, students were given a paper and pencil comprehension test on the reading selection and a postinstructional attitude scale. Results indicated that students using a CAI reading program with graphics did not show a greater increase in reading comprehension. Small negative correlations between the scores on the comprehension test together with treatment and with time suggest that the graphics had a slightly negative effect on the students' comprehension of the reading selection. However, the students who used the reading program with graphics showed a more favorable attitude toward CAI. (Author/HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.S. Thesis, Illinois State University.