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ERIC Number: ED218389
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Education of Ethnic Subgroups in Contemporary Hungary.
Ludanyi, Andrew
Hungarian state policy affecting ethnic minorities (Slovaks, Germans, Croatians, Rumanians, Serbians, and other groups) has been greatly influenced by political and social developments in the country. The pluralist perspective that Hungary has maintained throughout most of its history dates back to King Istvan I's 11th century admonition that foreigners increase a country's strength. With the rise of modern nationalism in the mid-19th century, the multiethnic policy was temporarily abandoned in favor of assimilationist concerns. The recent return to pluralism largely resulted from Hungary's dependence on the support of its national minorities during the 1956 Hungarian revolution. Current policy, which sees minorities as links to neighboring socialist states, requires the acceptance of diversity and the rejection of forced assimilation of ethnic groups. This policy is supported by constitutional provisions and other legislation, and has been translated in education in the form of programs designed to integrate rather than assimilate national minorities. The abandonment of the "automatism" stance (the assumption that minority problems would be automatically overcome with the advent of a socialist regime) in favor of deliberate planning resulted in dramatic improvements in minority education, bilingual and minority language instruction, and other minority cultural and educational activities. Whether Hungary will continue to move toward multiculturalism will depend on the country's educational/cultural administrators. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hungary