ERIC Number: ED218358
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Headings in Text: Issues and Data.
Hartley, James; Trueman, Mark
A series of studies was conducted to: (1) examine the effects of headings on both recall (a memory task) and retrieval (a search task) from the same text; and (2) distinguish between retrieval from unfamiliar text and retrieval from familiar text. Pupils aged between 14 and 15 years of mixed reading ability took part in six separate studies, each of which partially replicated and partially expanded the previous studies. Preliminary results suggest that headings aid both the recall and retrieval of information from the text. The position of the headings (marginal or embedded) had no effect on the results, but the headings (questions or statements) might have differential effects with learners of different ability (headings enhanced the recall of low-ability subjects). It also appears that headings in the form of questions might be more effective than headings in the form of statements for less able readers. Further experiments in this area are planned. (Author/CM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, London (England). European Research Office.
Authoring Institution: Keele Univ. (Great Britain).