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ERIC Number: ED218098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests and Decision Analysis. Applications of Probability and Statistics to Medicine. Modules and Monographs in Undergraduate Mathematics and Its Applications. UMAP Module 377.
Bedian, Vahe
The material looks at: 1) Choosing a Clinical Test; 2) Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests; 3) Multi-Disease and Multi-Test Analysis; and 4) Medical Decision Analysis. It is felt users will be able to: 1) calculate the predictive value of a positive or negative test result in model clinical situations; 2) estimate the sensitivity and specificity required from a test for a desired certainty of diagnosis; 3) analyze alternative modes of using multiple tests and choose the mode that optimizes the information gained about a single disease or group of diseases; 4) describe a clinical situation in terms of decision points and probabilistic events connected in a decision tree; and 5) evaluate overall strategies of diagnosis and treatment in terms of probabilities, costs, and benefits of outcomes. Exercises and a sample exam are included, with answers to both provided. (MP)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Learner
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Education Development Center, Inc., Newton, MA.