ERIC Number: ED217864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar
More Than a Simple Association: Conditional Patterns of Television and Achievement.
Various conditions which mediate, exacerbate, or reverse the tendency for heavy television viewing to correlate with lower achievement scores among junior high and high school students were studied to determine which factors had the most direct effect on this correlation. The data for the study were collected between 1974 and 1977 from about 650 sixth through ninth grade students in New Jersey. Exploratory analysis of the data indicates that there are systematic differences in the impact of television viewing upon different subgroups of the student population studied. Heavy television viewing seems to do the most damage to students most likely to be high academic achievers and to students with high academic or occupational aspirations. Other factors correlated with the impact of television on academic achievement include the level of attention paid to television by students during viewing and parental attitudes toward television viewing. In general, heavy television viewing makes a significant contribution to lower achievement scores among students who (1) have higher IQ's, (2) have higher aspirations, (3) seem to pay more attention to what they're watching, and (4) are less likely to engage in some conventional teenage behaviors. A reference list and five data tables accompany the text. (Author/JL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, March 1982).