ERIC Number: ED217735
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The C-Test--A Modification of the Cloze Procedure.
Raatz, Ulhich; Klein-Braley, Christine
This report describes research in progress at Duisburg University on a modification of the cloze principle in language testing. Four problem areas in classical cloze tests are isolated and discussed, namely, text selection, test construction, scoring, and interpretation. The "C-tests" in the process of development use the theoretical basis underlying the classical cloze procedure, that is, the concept of an internalized grammar which is utilized in all language operations. The C-tests in English and German were developed according to the following criteria: (1) shorter texts producing at least 100 items; (2) no problems in choice of deletion rate and starting point; (3) deletions should be an absolutely representative sample of the elements of the text; (4) it should not favor examinees with special knowledge; (5) only exact scoring should be used; and (6) native speakers should obtain virtually perfect scores. Tests have been tried with native speakers and second language learners of both German and English. In the C-test, every second word is omitted; the first half of the deleted word is left standing. Examinees must supply the missing parts of the words and only correct restorations are counted as right. The current state of the research shows that the C-test has satisfactory test qualities for both first and second language learners. (AMH)
Descriptors: Cloze Procedure, English (Second Language), German, Language Research, Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Test Construction, Test Validity, Testing Problems
Not available separately; see FL 013 014.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A