ERIC Number: ED217726
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Testing between the Cultures: A Case Study of ESP Testing in Non-Idealized Situations.
Brunt, Richard J.
This paper concerns issues related to testing English for Science and Technology in Germany. One problem is that both teachers and students are trained primarily in literary English and so have little knowledge of the content and the conventions of scientific writing. Another problem is the difficulties that arise when needs, aims, and methods have not been sufficiently clarified. Students at comprehensive universities have to take make-up courses in English, German, and mathematics, with the contents of the courses as well as the conditions for final examinations being established by the Ministries of Science and Education. Because there are no specific criteria, the aim of the teaching is the final test, that is, the one decreed by the Ministries. Because the nature and validity of the test have been already decided, the teacher must make the best of the situation and decide what the students need to know. At one university word lists were compiled with emphasis on sub-technical vocabulary, and attention was given to teaching the reasons behind the use of rhetorical devices. The cloze test in particular has proven valuable in testing students' awareness of logical cohesion between sentences. (AMH)
Descriptors: Course Content, Educational Objectives, English for Special Purposes, Higher Education, Language Tests, Second Language Instruction, Testing, Vocabulary, Word Recognition
Not available separately; see FL 013 014.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In its: Practice and Problems in Language Testing. Proceedings of the International Language Testing Symposium of the Interuniversitare Sprachtesgruppe (4th, Essex, England, September 14-17, 1981).