ERIC Number: ED217400
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: 0
Perceiving Words during Reading: Lack of Facilitation from Prior Peripheral Exposure. Technical Report. No. 243.
McConkie, George W.; And Others
While most present research suggests that visual information acquired from peripheral visual areas on one fixation during reading facilitates the identification of words available on the next fixation, some researchers hold with the "word unit hypothesis," which suggests that information gained peripherally from a word on one fixation does not facilitate its processing on the next. In a study conducted to discover whether peripheral facilitation was taking place during reading, 16 college students read short texts on a cathode-ray tube as their eye movements were monitored. As they read, the contents of certain word locations changed from fixation to fixation, alternating between two words differing in two letters. The results indicated that the words were read only when directly fixated, and that there was no facilitation from prior peripherally obtained information about the words, thus supporting the word unit hypothesis of information processing. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.