ERIC Number: ED217101
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Nov
Affirmative Action in the 1980s: Dismantling the Process of Discrimination. Clearinghouse Publication 70.
Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
This report explores the issue of affirmative action within the context of a problem-remedy approach, where affirmative action is regarded as a response to the problem of race, ethnic, and sex discrimination. Part A investigates discriminatory attitudes and behavior as practiced consciously or unconsciously by individuals, organizations, or whole social structures. Part B examines how civil rights law acknowledges the existence of various forms of discrimination against women and minorities; discusses how these laws provide remedies to counteract discrimination through affirmative action plans that use race, sex, and national origin as criteria in decision making; and explains how voluntary affirmative action can be taken without incurring legal liability. Part C distinguishes between the proper use and the abuse of affirmative action plans and measures that take race, sex, and national origin into account in determining quotas. The report emphasizes that particular measures used in affirmative action plans are responses to the nature and extent of discrimination that is demonstrated to exist in a particular situation, rather than isolated practices intended to benefit certain groups. The appendix presents guidelines for implementing effective affirmative action plans in employment using the problem-remedy approach. (Author/MJL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Note: Some footnotes may be marginally legible due to small type of original document.