ERIC Number: ED216990
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Sep
The Economic Conditions and Exhibition Processes of Artists in Four Cities. Final Report.
Orend, Richard J.; Sharon, Batia
This report describes a study which examined the economic conditions under which artists function and the processes artists use to get work exhibited. The interaction of these two factors and their relationship to exhibition and sales success were also studied. Two techniques were used to collect data. The first was a series of group discussions with professional artists in Washington, D.C., San Francisco, Houston, and Minneapolis/St. Paul. The second was a mail survey of the same population, which resulted in 940 completed interviews. There are seven chapters to the report: Historical Perspectives and the Artists' Perspectives on Issues and Problems; Conceptual Framework and Methodology; Socio-demographic and Art Form, Characteristics of the Sample; Economic and Work Conditions; Occupational Conditions I, Exposure; Occupational Conditions II, the Exhibition Process; and Assessment of Needs. Examples of some of the findings follow. A large proportion of artists in the sample had low incomes. Women and younger and older artists had relatively low incomes. Washington, D.C. artists had by far the lowest personal earnings, but also the lowest work-related expenses. Thirty-nine percent of the artists held an art-related part-time job so that they could survive economically. Expenses for studio space were a major concern. The most successful artists are characterized by high quality shows, high income, an orientation to commercial galleries, self-reliance, and exhibitor connections. (RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.
Note: Charts/figures may not reproduce clearly.