ERIC Number: ED216863
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Mar-26
Reference Count: N/A
Measurement and Analysis of Logical Thinking. Final Technical Report.
DeLuca, Frederick P.
Four Piagetian tasks (bending rods, chemical combinations, balanced beams and lights/switches) were programmed on a microcomputer system to rectify perceived deficiencies in the tasks. These deficiencies included misleading perceptual clues, bias against females, familarity with content and task, and high cost of administration and data collection. A microcomputer system for recording and measuring logical thinking ability was developed and tested in experiments designed to study: (1) the ability of subjects (N=394) to demonstrate logical thinking with two kinds of content (physical science and social-psychology); (2) patterns of logical thinking under two kinds of instruction (global and differentiated); and (3) automation of data collection. Findings from these studies indicate that: (1) the microcomputer is a useful tool for studying logical thinking; (2) teacher-learning variables can produce significant gains at the concrete operational level for college students, but gains at the formal operational level are more difficult; and (3) successful problem solvers tend to use relatively few, but highly efficient patterns. Nine advantages (including a significant reduction of task bias against female subjects) and four disadvantages of the microcomputer system are listed and discussed. (Author/JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames.