ERIC Number: ED216820
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Equality and Opportunity in Rural Education.
Rural equality of opportunity is a single, composite topic, which encompasses three types of rural residents and eight rural specific concepts of equality of opportunity. The three types of rural residents are: indigenous minorities; country town or remote rural residents and rural itinerants; and neo-ruralists or urban expatriates. The first two categories have historically been denied equal opportunity. Equality of opportunity is not perceived the same by all; equality is as diverse as the rural population served. Types of equality found in the literature to be rural specific are: (1) the foundation system of equality of opportunity; (2) the concept of minimum-attainment; (3) the leveling concept; (4) the concept of competition; (5) the equal-dollars-per-pupil concept; (6) the classification concept; (7) the full-opportunity concept; and (8) the concept of fiscal neutrality. A partnership between local residents, with their particular rural perspective and intuition for what is needed, and professionals trained to recognise the means by which objectives of education may be met, is essential to providing equality in educational opportunity. (AH)
Descriptors: Differences, Educational Opportunities, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Equalization Aid, Foreign Countries, Foundation Programs, Indigenous Populations, Problems, Program Design, Regional Characteristics, Resource Allocation, Rural Education, Rural Population, School Community Relationship
Not available separately; see RC 013 370.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Research on Rural Education, Nedlands (Western Australia).
Note: Paper presented at the National Conference "New Directions in Rural Education" (Perth, Western Australia, November 1979).