ERIC Number: ED216718
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Locus of Control and Its Antecedent Correlates among Hi-Ach and Low-Ach College Discovery Students.
Santa Rita, Emilio
A study was undertaken at Bronx Community College (BCC) to: (1) examine the relationship between feelings of powerlessness and academic success at the college level; and (2) assess the relationship between powerlessness and background variables such as students' race, sex, age, socio-economic status, and family characteristics. A biographical data questionnaire and Rotter's Internal-External Control Scale (which measures the extent to which individuals believe their lives to be under their own control) were administered to two groups of students in BCC's College Discovery program. These groups were composed of high achievers with grade point averages (GPA's) between 2.99 and 3.99 (N=44) and low achievers with GPA's between 0.00 and 1.99 (N=41). Scores on the Rotter scale were then correlated with students' GPA and background characteristics. The study revealed no statistically significant difference in the locus of control of high achievement and low achievement students. It also revealed that of the background variables, mother's employment status was the most statistically significant predictor of internal control orientation, followed by mother's educational level and occupational status. The study report includes a review of the literature on locus of control and discussions of the implications of study findings for program policy and structure and counseling. (HB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bronx Community Coll., NY.