ERIC Number: ED216649
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Science, 1972-81: R & D Funds, Scientists and Engineers, Graduate Enrollment and Support. Final Report. Surveys of Science Resources Series.
Huckenpahler, J. G.; And Others
The results of the 1972-1981 National Science Foundation surveys on academic research and development (R&D) funds, the employment and utilization of scientists and engineers, and the characteristics of graduate students enrolled in the sciences and engineering (S/E) are presented. Findings include the following: the steady growth to university S/E employment and graduate S/E enrollment that characterized the 1970s was maintained into 1980, but a downturn in R&D expenditures in real dollars is occurring in 1981; academic R&D expenditures from all financial sources accounted for about one-tenth of the national R&D total; during the 1977-79 period, nonfederally funded R&D expenditures at universities and colleges grew at an average annual rate nearly twice that of federally financed R&D expenditures; as in earlier years, the life sciences accounted for more than one-half of all academic R&D expenditures in 1979; capital expenditures for S/E activities at universities and colleges fell at an average annual rate of three percent, or nearly 10 percent in constant dollars between 1972 and 1979; the 325,000 scientists and engineers employed in higher education institutions in January 1980 represents a three percent per year increase over the number employed in 1978; life scientists made up the largest single group of academic S/E professionals through the 1973-1980 period; 375,000 students were enrolled in courses of study leading to graduate degrees in S/E, up two percent per year since fall 1977; and women made up 33 percent of the full-time S/E graduate students enrolled in doctorate-granting institutions in 1980, up from 25 percent in 1975. Questionnaires, statistical tables, and technical notes are appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Educational Development, Employment Patterns, Engineers, Enrollment Trends, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Females, Financial Support, Foreign Students, Graduate Students, Higher Education, National Surveys, Private Financial Support, Research, Scientists, Trend Analysis
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC 20550.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.