ERIC Number: ED216418
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Communication Apprehension and Intercultural Nonverbal Coding.
A study investigated the relationship between communication apprehension and two nonverbal variables--proxemic establishment and kinesic behavior--in an intercultural setting. Subjects were 30 high and 30 low apprehensive adults (15 white and 15 black in each category). The subjects were paired to create three groups: the first containing 10 dyads of high apprehensives (5 white and 5 black); the second containing 10 dyads of low apprehensives, similarly paired; and the third containing 10 dyads, each with a high and a low apprehensive, 5 white and 5 black. Each dyad was told that the experiment was to measure verbal interaction and that they would be left alone in a room to get to know as much as possible about each other in 5 minutes. An observer behind a two-way mirror measured the physical distance established and noted the kinesic behavior of each pair. Results showed that communication apprehension predicted proxemic establishment, with the level of apprehension increasing as the amount of distance between dyadic members decreased. In both high-low and low-low apprehensive groups, the black dyads established closer distance patterns than did whites. Apprehension also affected kinesic behavior, with body orientation in dyads tending to be more front-to-front as apprehension increased. Finally, no differences were found in the kinesic behavior of the dyads when examined by race alone. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Speech Communication Association (Hot Springs, AR, April 6-9, 1982).