ERIC Number: ED216335
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1982-May
Reference Count: N/A
Post-Passage Questions: The Effects of Hierarchical Importance. Technical Report No. 241.
Wilhite, Stephen C.
An experiment contrasted the predictions of two explanations of the cognitive review process of the post-passage adjunct question paradigm. The questions presented to 104 college students quizzed either information high in the organizational structure of the expository prose passage or information low in the structure. The top-down-search explanation predicted that the two question types would not differentially affect incidental recall because both types of questions would induce a top-to-bottom search for the information in the hierarchical passage representation, resulting in increased memory for information activated in the search. The direct-access explanation, however, predicted that the high-question condition would result in more indirect recall than would the low-question condition. This prediction was based on the assumptions that questions directly access the quizzed information in memory and that fewer associative links would have to be traversed in the spread of activation from high-level units to other related information in the hierarchy. The results supported the top-down search hypothesis. Incidental recall was facilitated equally in the high-question and low-question conditions relative to the no-question control condition. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.