ERIC Number: ED216251
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Workload and Stress in the Older Employee.
Smith, David B. D.
Interest in occupational stress in older employees can be expected to increase in the future. Among the more widely documented sources of stress at work are those associated with demands of the job. Laboratory research in gerontology shows a disproportionate effect on older persons of increased work task demands. Naturalistic studies also suggest the unique susceptability of the older employee in perceptually demanding jobs, though the relevance of these naturalistic data to modern jobs needs confirmation. Job design may be an important supportive measure to reduce occupational stress with age. In this regard the micro-structure of the job is an important element in age-related difficulties in workload stress. Stimulus response compatibility, the presence of irrelevant information, the need to divide attention while performing a task, and the level of discretionary control of the task are all micro-structured aspects of the task that are likely to affect workload demands on the older employee. For these reasons, careful task design with training and overall systems design are appealing and humane answers to the problem of workload stress at older ages. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (61st, Los Angeles, CA, April 9-12, 1981).