ERIC Number: ED216212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Mar-29
Reference Count: 0
Labor Market Problems of Teenagers Result Largely from Doing Poorly in School. Report to the Honorable Charles B. Rangel, United States House of Representatives, by the U.S. General Accounting Office.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.
An analysis of the extent and severity of teenage unemployment showed that from 1949-80 the unemployment rate of white male teenagers remained about three times higher than that of adult males. Much of the difference in these rates was found to be attributed to teenagers voluntarily leaving jobs and the labor force. The relatively small group of unemployed teenagers was heavily concentrated among poor and black people. The need for teenage employment was also ascertained. It was concluded that estimating need required a detailed analysis of the educational achievement, labor force status, and demographic characteristics of teenagers. It was estimated that approximately 962,000 economically disadvantaged teenagers (aged 16-21) with a high school degree or lower attainment were in most need of Federal assistance. Identified causes of teenage unemployment and labor force non-participation were family income and living in a house receiving Aid for Families with Dependent Children. Racial differences in unemployment seemed to be tied to discouragement and family background. Teenage unemployment did not appear to have an adverse effect on future labor market opportunities. A teenager's inability to find a job seemed to have an effect on inclination to commit a crime. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Black Youth, Career Education, Educational Attainment, Educational Benefits, Employment Opportunities, Employment Problems, Family Characteristics, Individual Needs, Labor Market, Needs Assessment, Outcomes of Education, Racial Differences, Unemployment, Youth Employment
U.S. General Accounting Office, Document Handling and Information Services, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20760 (Bound copies, $3.25 each; unbound, $1.00 each. 25% discount on 100 or more copies).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.