ERIC Number: ED216187
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Keeping Women Out: A Structural Analysis of Women's Employment in Developing Countries.
International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC.
Work in the lives of most Third World nation women is not a matter of equity and/or self-actualization. Rather, the changing economic roles and responsibilities of women make working a matter of economic survival. Despite the limitations of existing definitional and measurement problems related to data collection, regional data do exist which illustrate the key role of women in national development. Included among these constraints are the following: women's traditional position in the family, cultural prescriptions and job segregation, traditional educational and training patterns, a surplus of male labor, capital intensive development, and protectionist legislation. In addition, there exist a number of critical issues that combine to relegate the mainstream of women to low-status, low-paying jobs on the fringes of the economy. These include the assumed incompatibility of worker and mother roles and the marginalization of women workers through exploitative conditions. Both international and national policymakers must take measures to minimize constraints to women's employment, to end the effects of protectionist legislation, to relieve the double burden of women, and to minimize the marginalization of women workers. (MN)
Descriptors: Agricultural Occupations, Change Strategies, Developing Nations, Discriminatory Legislation, Economic Change, Economic Development, Economic Factors, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Employment Practices, Employment Problems, Females, Household Workers, Labor, Labor Legislation, Labor Needs, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Sex Discrimination, Sex Role, Social Bias, Underemployment
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC. Office of Women in Development.
Authoring Institution: International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC.