ERIC Number: ED215994
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Designing and Conducting Needs Assessments in Education.
Kuh, George D.; And Others
Needs assessment is presented as a scanning process to identify if and where interventions are required in the educational setting and also to build and support successful implementation of those processes. Themes or perspectives, which provide a general framework for the work of a needs assessment team, are outlined. Within this framework, needs assessment is seen as problem-focused, continuous, a planning guide, a multi-faceted data gathering process, a public, conscious activity, value laden, and educational. Steps in the needs assessment process are described and discussed: (1) establish needs assessment planning team; (2) identify problem focus; (3) develop understanding of organizational context and obtain necessary support for participation of target population; (4) verify and refine problem focus; (5) determine further information needed and methods for collecting and analyzing information using three or more different strategies; (6) determine resources necessary to implement needs assessment plan; (7) develop more detailed plan, based on available resources, including time-lines, contingency plans, and specific task assignments; (8) implement needs assessment plan, making any necessary midstream adjustments; (9) analyze results of needs assessment process; and (10) develop action plan based on results of needs assessment. Appendix A outlines a model for problem identification and problem planning. In Appendix B, brief descriptions are offered of data gathering methods. Needs assessment methodologies are outlined in Appendix C. The case history of a problem-focused needs assessment conducted in Littleton, Colorado is also appended. (JD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Personnel Preparation.
Authoring Institution: National Inservice Network, Bloomington, IN.