ERIC Number: ED215979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Apr
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Research Published in Health Education Journals: May 1980-May 1981.
Frazer, Gregory H.; Gold, Robert S.
This study measured the thoroughness of reported research which appeared in seven journals in the health education field. Evaluation was made of articles, appearing between May 1980 and May 1981, in the "Journal of the American College Health Association,""American Journal of Public Health,""Health Education Quarterly,""Health Values: Achieving High Level Wellness,""International Journal of Health Education,""Journal of School Health," and "Health Education." The evaluation instrument consisted of criteria in the areas of significance of research problem, definition of problem, definition of study population, sampling procedures, sources of error, appropriateness of statistical analyses, reasonableness of conclusions, and adequacy of reporting style. Articles were categorized as: (1) experimental (articles in which the independent variable was manipulated so that change in the dependent variable could be measured); (2) quasi-experimental (articles in which comparisons between groups were made but there was no random assignment of subjects to experimental and comparison groups); (3) nonexperimental (articles which were descriptive or historical in nature but did not compare groups); and (4) philosophical or theoretical (any article which described a procedure, occurrence, or school of thought without statistical verification). Results indicated that the seven journals similarly reported the information evaluated by the instrument. It appeared that the statement and significance of the problem seemed to be understated in the articles analyzed, while the sampling procedures, population definition, and the adequacy of the measuring instruments used were satisfactorily addressed. Tables present mean ratings, based on evaluation criteria, for each journal for each of the four categories in which the articles were classified. An overview is provided of previous studies analyzing the reporting of health education research. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Houston, TX, April 23, 1982).